Alternative Medicine Penticton - The blood glucose level means glucose or sugar existing within the blood. The body maintains a normal range of blood glucose between 3.6 - 5.8 mM and likewise represented as mmol/L which literally translates to millimoles/liter. The range may also be measured as 64.8-104.4 mg/dL. As part of the metabolic homeostasis, the human body strongly regulates level of blood glucose.
The body's main energy source for its cells is glucose, whereas the blood lipids that are in the forms of oils and fats, provide a compact energy store. The bloodstream transports glucose from the intestines or liver to body cells. The hormone insulin makes the glucose available for cell absorption. Insulin is primarily produced in the body by the pancreas.
The average normal level of blood glucose for human beings is around 4mM or 4mmol/L or 72 mg/dL, that translates to milligrams/decilitre. It is common for blood glucose levels to fluctuate throughout the day. Normally, levels of glucose are lowest in the morning before breakfast. The reading is referred to usually as "the fasting level." Levels usually rise following meals for an hour or two. When blood sugar levels fall outside of the regular range, this can be an indicator of a medical condition. If the level is persistently high, it is known as hyperglycemia and conversely, levels that are low are considered to be hypoglycaemia.
Persistent hyperglycemia is the major hallmark of Diabetes mellitus. This is the most prominent sickness connected to failure of blood sugar regulation. Severe stress, trauma, myocardial infarction, illness, stroke or surgery may likewise lead to temporarily high blood sugar levels. An initial surge in blood sugar can also take place due to drinking alcohol, even if later it tends to cause levels to decline.
When blood sugar levels decline very low, hypoglycaemia develops. This is a potentially fatal condition. Indications of hypoglycaemia consist of impaired mental functioning, lethargy, irritability, twitching, shaking, and loss of consciousness, aggressive or paranoid mentality, sweating, and weakness in leg and arm muscles, pale complexion and perhaps even brain damage. Appetite is suppressed over the short term if levels remain too high. Amongst the long-term health conditions associated with diabetes can happen due to long-term hyperglycemia. Health problems may comprise nerve damage, heart disease, and eye and kidney damage.
Low Blood Sugar
To be able to prevent extremely serious consequences of inadequate glucose, mechanisms that restore adequate glucose levels post hypoglycaemia must be quick and effective. If not treated, hypoglycaemia can cause confusion, unsteadiness and in the extreme, coma. It is much more dangerous to have very little amounts of glucose in the blood than too much, at least on a temporary basis.
Within healthy individuals, blood glucose-regulating mechanisms are usually somewhat efficient. Usually, symptomatic hypoglycaemia is found only in diabetics utilizing insulin or pharmacological treatment. The severity and swiftness of hypoglycaemic episodes can vary significantly between individuals. In severe instances, prompt medical assistance is needed instantly due to the fact that brain damage and damage to tissues and possibly even death could be caused by blood-glucose levels which are significantly low.
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