Penticton Health Clinics - Osteoarthritis or OA is also referred to as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease. It consists of a group of mechanical irregularities involving the degradation of joints comprising sub-chondral bone and articular cartilage. Symptoms of OA can commonly include: stiffness, locking, tenderness, joint pain and sometimes an effusion.
There are a variety of reasons of Osteoarthritis. For instance metabolic, mechanical, developmental and hereditary reasons may start processes responsible to loss of cartilage. Bone may become exposed or damaged when bone surfaces become less well protected by cartilage. This may cause decreased movement and much pain, regional muscles can atrophy and ligaments can become more lax.
Treatments for osteoarthritis may comprise a combination of lifestyle changes, analgesics and exercise. Another option for individuals with unbearable pain is joint replacement surgery. OA is the most common type of arthritis. It affects roughly 8 million within the UK and around 27 million individuals in the USA. Currently, it is the leading reason for chronic disability of the United States also.
Signs and Symptoms
The main sign of Osteoarthritis is pain which can cause extreme stiffness and loss of ability. Generally, the pain is described as a sharp ache or a burning sensation in the associate muscles and tendons. Crepitus is the word for a crackling noise when the joint which is affected is moved or touched. People can likewise experience muscle spasm and contractions in the tendons. Every so often, the joints may likewise be filled with fluid. Humidity and cold weather conditions increases the pain in lots of patients. Bouchard's nodes and Heberden's nodes can likewise form in this disease.
OA usually affects the hands, spine, feet, knees and hips however, whatever joint can be affected. As Osteoarthritis progresses, the affected joints become painful and stiff and appear bigger. The affected joints can feel worse with prolonged or excessive use, yet usually feel better with gentle use. These characteristics distinguish OA from rheumatoid arthritis.
The condition called Herberden's nodes, manifest as bony enlargements that occur within the smaller joints as in the fingers. Bouchard's nodes can likewise take place on the proximal interphalangeal joints. Even though these nodes can significantly limit the movement of the fingers, they are not necessarily painful. When Osteoarthritis forms within the toes, the formation of bunions can take place, rendering them swollen and red.
OA is the most frequent reason for joint effusion, that is usually called "water on the knee," in lay terms to describe an accumulation of excess fluid in or around the knee joint.
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