Depression Penticton - Depression is a physical condition where a low mood could have an effect on the behaviour, thoughts, physical well being and feelings of a person. Depression can cause aversions to activities which one will normally enjoy, as well as feelings of sadness, hopelessness, emptiness, anxiety, guilt, irritability and restlessness.
Those who are suffering depression might have problems making decisions, remembering details or concentrating. Some situations could be more difficult to deal with sometimes, when suffering these cognitive impairments. Sadly, various really depressed individuals can contemplate or even attempt suicide. Various symptoms could comprise excessive sleeping or insomnia, dramatic weight change, either gain or loss, digestive problems, fatigue, aches, pains, energy loss and changes in sleep patterns.
People would usually experience a depressed mood as a reaction to certain life events and also as a sign to medical conditions like for example Addison's disease or hypothyroidism. Depression is also a feature of different psychiatric syndromes. There are several illnesses which feature depression.
Mood disorders come from the category of disorders which are caused mostly by the disturbance of moods. Within this category, major depressive disorder or major disorder, commonly called MDD for short, also called clinical depression, is when at least 2 someone experiences 2 weeks of loss of interest or a depressed mood or loss of pleasure in almost all daily activities.
Those people who are coping with bipolar disorder can go through episodes of major depression. The state of chronic depressed mood is referred to as Dysthymia. In Dysthymia, the indications do not meet the severity of a major depressive episode. Borderline personality disorder is another condition which is outside the mood disorders but where a chronic depressed mood is likewise a common feature. There are a number of psychiatric syndromes that feature depressed mood as the primary symptom. Adjustment disorder with depressed mood is another mood disturbance which appears as a psychological reaction to an identifiable stressor or event. In this case, the resulting emotional behavioural symptoms are important, though they do not meet the criteria for a major depressive episode.
There are a variety of reasons depressed mood could present within a person. It could be the result of many infectious sicknesses or physiological issues. Glandular fever or Mononucleosis is an example which can be caused by two separate viral infections. This condition normally results in symptoms that mimic a depressive psychiatric disorder. Normally, the depression is amongst the initial symptoms of hypothyroidism also, which is reduced activity of the thyroid. Many people dealing with debilitating and chronic diseases or those who are on daily medications experience depressed mood also.
In some people, life events could start depression. A dangerous feedback loop could lead the re-living events and remembering of feelings could cause further depression. This could hinder the ability of the individual to take initiative and solve problems. Psychology is commonly a helpful option for people who are experiencing depression caused by life events.
Scientifically speaking, depression is attributed to changes within the neurotransmitters found within the brain that help the cells communicate. These substances are referred to as nor epinephrine, dopamine and serotonin. Numerous things can influence these neurotransmitters including: physical illnesses, genetics, diet, hormonal changes, personality, aging, social circumstances, substance abuse, light and seasonal cycle changes, and medications.
Usually, a physician would perform a full physical assessment, record the medical history of the patient and thoroughly evaluate the signs to help determine the cause of the depression, to be able to complete an assessment. Certain standardized questionnaires comprising the Hamilton rating Scale for Depression and the beck Depression Inventory might be utilized.
Typically, the doctor of medicine would perform a medical exam and certain investigations so as to cancel out any other signs or reasons. Some of these tests include blood tests measuring the TSH levels and thyroxin in order to exclude hypothyroidism. Basic electrolytes and serum calcium are measured to insure there is no metabolic disturbance. A full blood count including ESR is taken in order to check for chronic sickness or systemic infection. It is important to also rule out adverse reactions to whatever alcohol misuse or medications. Testosterone levels can also be evaluated to be able to check hypogonadism that is a condition known to cause depression in males.
Cognitive brain testing together with brain imaging is accessible so as to help differentiate depression from dementia because subjective cognitive complaints could be indicative of the onset of a dementia disorder such as Alzheimer's disease. A CT scan may also be taken in order to exclude brain pathology in those with psychotic, rapid-onset or otherwise unusual indications.
Dependent upon the reason for depression, treatment varies from patient to patient, with many possible solutions obtainable. At times it is hard for the psychiatrists, psychologists and doctors to know which one is best recommended. It is essential that depressed individuals obtain the help they need, either through mediation, cognitive behavioural therapy or counseling in order to live their lives to their fullest potential.
Click to Download the pdf